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Catholic Beliefs, Practices, Duties

Other Catholic Beliefs, Practices & Duties

The 7 Corporal Works of Mercy
To feed the hungry
To give drink to the thirsty
To clothe the naked
To shelter the homeless
To visit the sick
To visit the imprisoned
To bury the dead

The 7 Spiritual Works of Mercy 
To counsel the doubtful
To instruct the ignorant
To admonish the sinner
To comfort the sorrowful
To forgive all injuries
To bear wrongs patiently
To pray for the living and the dead

The 3 Eminent Good Works
Prayer
Fasting
Almsgiving

The 7 Gifts of the Holy Ghost
Wisdom
Understanding
Counsel
Fortitude
Knowledge
Piety
Fear of the Lord

The 12 Fruits of the Holy Ghost 
Charity
Joy
Peace
Patience
Benignity
Goodness
Longanimity
Mildness
Faith
Modesty
Continency
Chastity

The 3 Theological Virtues 
Faith
Hope
Charity

The 4 Cardinal Virtues 
Prudence
Justice
Fortitude
Temperance

The 7 Capital Sins and their Contrary Virtues

Capital Sin

Definition

Contrary Virtue

Pride

Unrestrained appreciation of our own worth

Humility

Greed

Immoderate desire for earthly goods

Liberality

Lust

Hankering for impure pleasures

Chastity

Anger

Inordinate desire for revenge

Meekness

Gluttony

Unrestrained use of food and drink

Temperance

Envy

Sorrow over another’s good fortune

Brotherly Love

Sloth

Laxity in keeping the Faith and the practice of virtue

Diligence

The 6 Sins against the Holy Ghost 
Presumption
Despair
Resisting the known truth
Envy of another’s spiritual good
Obstinacy in sin
Final impenitence

The 4 Sins that Cry Out to Heaven
Willful murder
The sin of Sodom
Oppression of the poor
Defrauding laborers of their wages

3 Conditions for Mortal Sin
Grave matter
Full knowledge
Deliberate consent

The 9 Ways We Participate in Others’ Sins
By counsel
By command
By consent
By provocation
By praise or flattery
By concealment
By partaking
By silence
By defense of the ill done

The 3 Evangelical Counsels 
Voluntary poverty
Perpetual chastity
Entire obedience

The 6 Precepts of the Church (The Duties of a Catholic) 
To go to Mass and refrain from servile work on Sundays and holy days
To go to Confession at least once a year (traditionally done during Lent)
To receive the Eucharist at least once a year, during the Easter Season (known as the “Easter duty”)
To observe the days of fasting and abstinence
To help to provide for the needs of the Church according to one’s abilities and station in life
To obey the marriage laws of the Church

The 3 Powers of the Soul 
Memory
Intellect
Will

The 3 Pillars of the Church’s Authority
Sacred Scripture
Sacred Tradition
Living Magisterium

The 3 Munera (Duties of the Ordained)
Munus docendi (duty to teach, based on Christ’s role as Prophet)
Munus sanctificandi (duty to sanctify, based on Chris’s role as Priest)
Munus regendi (duty to shepherd, based on Christ’s role as King)

The 3 Parts of the Church
The Church Militant (Christians on Earth)
The Church Suffering (Christians in Purgatory)
The Church Triumphant (Christians in Heaven)

The 4 Marks of the Church
Unity
Sanctity
Catholicity
Apostolicity

The 12 Apostles

Peter, Andrew, James and John,
Phil and Bart and Matt and Tom,
James the Less and Jude and Simon —
Then Judas who betrayed the God-man.

The 12 Tribes of Israel 
In order of their birth:

Reuben
Simeon
Levi
Judah
Zabulon
Issachar
Dan
Gad
Asher
Naphtali
Joseph (Menasseh and Ephraim)
Benjamin

The 8 Beatitudes 
Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.
Blessed are the meek: for they shall posses the land.
Blessed are they who mourn: for they shall be comforted
Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after justice: for they shall have their fill
Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy
Blessed are the clean of heart: for they shall see God
Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called children of God
Blessed are they that suffer persecution for justice’ sake, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven

The 14 Stations of the Cross 
Jesus is Condemned to Die
Jesus is Made to Bear His Cross
Jesus Falls the First Time
Jesus Meets His Mother
Simon Helps Jesus Carry His Cross
Veronica Wipes Jesus’ Face
Jesus Falls the Second Time 
Jesus Meets the Women of Jerusalem
Jesus Falls the Third Time
Jesus is Stripped
Jesus is Nailed to the Cross
Jesus Dies on the Cross
Jesus is Taken Down from the Cross
Jesus is Laid in the Tomb

The 7 Sorrows (Dolours) and 7 Joys of Our Lady

Sorrows (Dolours):

Joys:

The Prophecy of Simeon (Luke 2:33-35)

The Annunciation (Luke 1:27-38)

The Flight into Egypt (Matthew 3: 13-15)

The Visitation (Luke 1:39-58)

The Loss of Jesus in the Temple (Luke 2:41-52)

The Birth of Jesus (Luke 2:7)

The Meeting of Jesus and Mary on the Way of the Cross (John 19:17)

The Adoration of the Magi (Matthew 2:7-11)

The Crucifixion (John 19:25-30)

The Finding of Jesus in the Temple (Luke 2:46)

The Taking Down of the Body of Jesus from the Cross (John 19: 31-37)

The Resurrection of Our Lord (John 20:1-9)

Jesus laid in the Tomb (John 19:38-42)

The Assumption and Coronation of the Blessed Virgin (Apocalypse 12)

The 7 Sorrows and 7 Joys of St. Joseph

Sorrows:

Joys:

The doubt of Saint Joseph (Matthew 1:19)

The Message of the Angel (Matthew 1:20)

The poverty of Jesus’ birth (Luke 2:7)

Jesus’ Birth itself (Luke 2:7)

The Circumcision (Luke 2:21)

The Holy Name of Jesus (Matthew 1:25)

Simeon’s prophecy that many would be lost (Luke 2:34)

Simeon’s prophecy that many would rise (Luke 2:34)

The flight into Egypt (Matthew 2:13-14)

The Overthrow of Idols (Isaias 19:1)

The return from Egypt (Matthew 2:22)

Life with Mary and Jesus (Luke 2:39)

The loss of the Child Jesus (Luke 2:45)

The Finding of Jesus in the Temple (Luke 2:46)

The Order of Creation

1st Day:

A dividing of light from darkness brings forth Heaven and a formless, water-covered Earth, then Light

2nd Day:

A dividing of the waters above from the waters below to create the Firmament of Heaven

3rd Day:

A dividing of the waters under the heavens to form dry land; then grass, herbs, and fruit trees

4th Day:

Sun, Moon and Stars

5th Day:

Creatures of the waters and of the air

6th Day:

Creatures of the land, then Man

The 3 Levels of Reverence 

Dulia:

the reverence we give to Saints

Hyperdulia:

the reverence we give to Mary as the greatest of Saints and Mother of God

Latria:

the reverence and worship we give to God alone

The 4 Last Things (The Novissima)
Death
Judgement
Heaven
Hell